VIRGIN PARTY OF CARMEN (16 DE JULY)
Square of Paucartambo:
Paucartambo is located to 109 kilometers of the city of Cusco, it is a typical and beautiful adobe city and tile, it is 2,830 m.s.n.m, it is famous for the festivity of Carmen's Virgin for the temple of Paucartambo, and its beautiful bridge Carlos III, jewel of the colonial built architecture on the river Mapacho, for the king's disposition Carlos III of Spain in the year 1,775, it is built of lime and song, it presents an ogival arch for further resistance, its construction was carried out in dry deviating the river, this work lasted 5 years and he/she gave birth to new Paucartambo of Spanish right lines.
The Temple of Paucartambo presents a tower embedded to the ship of two waters, the cover is worked in stone with an arch of half point flanked by two pilasters that hold a chapel open with balustrades, in the interior they are appreciated: the biggest altar, wooden pulpit with columnillas salomónicas, paintings of the potatoes, the Virgin and San José, Sacred Domingo, as well as the worshipped image of the Virgin of Paucartambo, but well-known as "Mamacha Carmen", employer and mayoress vitalicia of the County, crowned by Pope John Paul II in recognition to the deep faith of the town of Paucartambo.
Festivity of Carmen's Virgin.
Virgin of Carmen (Mamacha Carmen)
The entrance of this splendid party begins July 15, beginning is given with the explosion of a rocket, the same one that is answered by cameretazos and chiming of bells, the interpretation of reveilles in charge of the musical bands; subsequently it is made the entrance of processions and the "zero apaycuy", the night it is opportune to begin the "qonoy" or bonfire, where Q'olqas, Chunchus and Maqtas escenifican the purgatory, making boast of its rogueries, careers and acrobatic jumps. Starting from the 22:00 hours Prioste with their band of musicians and processions give the serenade to the Virgin, interpreting the "punchauniykipi", until the dawn of the day 16 that it is the central day of this beautiful festivity that is visited by their faithful ones that arrive of diverse parts of Peru and the world, the mamacha Carmen summon true human masses of parishioners.
S'aqras (It Dances)
The central day it begins 5 in the morning of the day July 16 with a mass of Dawn and at 10 in the morning the prospective party mass where beautiful songs of Qollas and black, concluded Qhapac stand out the party mass, the processions dance in streets and squares; under the authority of Prioste he/she is carried out the "forest" where Qollas from a balcony throws dolls and furniture in miniature. Arrived the noon in the house of "Prioste" the "eleven" are distributed, among the founders, dancers and musicians of all the processions.
The great procession of Carmen's virgin is given beginning p.m. at 3 o'clock and in the roofs and balconies, the saq'ras waits to the "mamacha", making besides hiding. July 17 are the day of the "Blessing and guerrilla", after the mass and blessing, the processions go to the cemetery in pasacalle to visit the dancers died amid songs and memories. After it the great caravan visits the jail to offer moments of rejoicing to those cloistered. In the afternoon he/she is carried out the second procession traveling the tract of the bridge Carlos III, in this place the Virgin imparts her blessing at the four his. Concluded the procession the population goes to the square to attend the traditional guerrilla between "Qollas" and "Antis", in this occasion "Saqras" and "Wakas wakas" also participate, later the assistants participate in a "Qhaswa" or widespread party.
July 18the Virgin is placed in the bautismerio of the temple to whose foot is carried out the traditional "ocarikuy" that consists on the representation of children and adolescents to be blessed by the priest. At 4 in the afternoon the festejos culminates with a blessing from the Virgin to the population.
July 19are the day of the "intonation", at 11 in the morning the mamacha Carmen is placed in her altar where she is changed with the clothes of "Chamba", special ceremony played by the salient and incoming "priostes." In synthesis, the festivity is very splendid, varied and colorful, opportunity where they shine the following processions: Maqtas, Auquachileno, Quadrille, Danzaq, Chunchachas, Chukchu, Kachampa, Majeño, Baker, black Qhapac, Qhapac chuncho, Qhapac Qolla, Qoyacha, Saqra, Siclla Huayra or Doctorcito and Waca Waca.
The festivity is very splendid, varied and colorful, in this opportunity they shine the following processions: Maqtas, Auquachileno, Quadrille, Danzaq, Chunchachas, Chukchu, Kachampa, Majeño, Baker, black Qhapac, Qhapac chuncho, Qhapac Qolla, Qoyacha, Saqra, Siclla Huayra or Doctorcito and Waca Waca.